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In 1862, Swift and his new bride opened a small butcher shop and slaughterhouse. Swift Canadian built a meatpacking plant in 1908, followed by Burns (1911-1913) and Canada Packers (1936). The method proved too limited to be practical. Fort Worth, Texas USA. At its new plant in Worthington, it also introduced its Swift Brands, Swift Tender Lean, and Swift Premium products. Newspaper photograph of the meat packing plant. He established Northwestern University's "School of Oratory" in memory of his daughter, Annie May Swift, who died while a student there. Until then, he had been working as a butcher in his brother's business, but he had bigger plans for himself and had wanted to try them out in New York City. Cooking the meat beyond the USDA guideline of 160 degrees F renders out the fat and tenderizes the meat. Through the first half of the 1990s, ConAgra's Monfort Pork Division fared well, in part because of a widely disseminated ad campaign suggesting that as "the other white meat" pork was a healthy substitute for beef, and in part because a glutted market drove the cost of hogs down, most notably in 1995, when ConAgra's pork division, by then operating as Swift, enjoyed a very profitable year. Not much work unless you want to be a farmer. The plant was opened in 1887 and closed in 1969. By 1890, the figure had grown to nine million, and the city had been transformed into the largest hog and beef holding pen in the country. What is left of The Stockyards is just a small fraction of what is used to once be. His parents were descendants of British settlers who went to New England in the 17th century. Type of Resource. Efforts to focus on the Swift Premium product line, in the form of a $10 million advertising campaign, began in 2003. Media Type. Add Photo. Black Angus satisfies—Customers from casual to sophisticated regard Black Angus as the best beef.Compared to any other term in the beef industry, Black Angus is more recognized and … This radically altered the meat business. Swift and Company, headquartered in Fort Worth, was a major branch of the nation's leading nineteenth-century meat-packing firm and one of the nation's Big Four meat-packers of the early 1900s. Driving cattle across the plains led to tremendous weight loss, and a number of animals died in transit. Over the next several years ConAgra grew into a diversified food producing and marketing giant with an array of products sold under several familiar-brand names: Healthy Choice, Butterball, Banquet, Hunt's, Orville Redenbacher's, Reddi-Whip, Slim Jim, and Armour. Gustavus Swift, the founder of Swift and Company, invented the refrigerated railcar, and his highly insulated plants were advanced as compared to other facilities. Swift stayed in the East until 1875, when he moved to Chicago to become both a cattle dealer and butcher. Swift pioneered the use of animal by-products for the manufacture of soap, glue, fertilizer, various types of sundries, and even medical products. Description. (502) 582-0011. Two years later, in 1855, he opened his own cattle and pork butchering business with the help of one of his uncles who gave him $400. When the internal temperature reaches 195 degrees F, the pork is ready. Also, ConAgra's premier, Pacific-Rim beef processing business headquartered in Brisbane, Australia, also fell under the managerial control of Swift & Company in Greeley and its staff, headed by John Simons, president and COO of the enterprise. When he died in 1903, his company was valued at between US$125 million and $135 million, and had a workforce of more than 21,000. It was located on the South Omaha Terminal Railway, and next to the Omaha Stockyards, making Swift one of the "Big Four" packing companies in Omaha. In a press release issued when the deal was singed in May 2002, John R. Muse of HMTF stated that the arrangement would "further optimize the performance and build the value of" the operations of Swift & Company. From the Windy City, yet to be butchered, they were shipped to the East. At home, the efforts of Swift and others helped transform Chicago into what poet Carl Sandburg styled "Hog-butcher to the World," that is, the world's largest slaughterhouse and meat-processing center. The 1950s were a hopping time in the Ogden Stockyards/Swift Meat Packing Plant. Poor railcar conditions lead Gustavus Swift to butchering and packing meat before shipping. The largest, the Swift Meat Packing Plant, which opened in 1893, has been completely demolished; the vast majority of the former site sits underneath the approaches to the new Mississippi River bridge. Despite the fact that many employees went into the military during the conflict, Swift's plants continued to operate at full capacity thanks to war-time demands. In 1878 his partnership with Hathaway and Swift Bros and Company was formed in partnership with younger brother Edwin. Sausages might incorporate rat droppings, dead rodents, and sawdust, and meat that had spoiled or meat mixed with waste materials was sometimes packed and sold. Klann stumbled upon the Swift Meatpacking industry—located in Chicago—which was actually a disassembly line. October 9, 2011 John Rust 21 Comments. Despite being legally required to divest some of its sidelines, in 1920 the company still had sales exceeding $1.1 billion, and by 1922 its branch houses were still selling fresh, cured, and smoked meats, meat specialties, poultry, eggs, butter, cheese, oleomargarine, lard, shortening, cooking and salad oils, and soaps. On the first day in the new facility, his fledgling company slaughtered 32 head of cattle. This is where he got the idea of packing meat. In response to public outcries to reduce the amount of pollutants generated by his packing plants, Swift sought innovative ways to use previously discarded portions of the animals his company butchered. The absence of federal inspection led to abuses. In 1987, ConAgra Foods Inc. acquired a 50 percent interest in SIPCO. In 1878 Swift hired engineer Andrew Chase to design a ventilated car that was well-insulated, and positioned the ice in a compartment at the top of the car, allowing the chilled air to flow naturally downward.[5]. Using an instant-read meat thermometer, check the internal temperature of the thickest part of the meat, being careful not to touch bone with the tip of the thermometer. Swift Meat Packing, Fort Worth Texas. An astute cattle-buyer, Swift followed the market steadily westward. At this meat packing operation, a conveyor moved hog carcasses past meat cutters, who then removed various pieces of the animal. Swift & Co. played a major role in The Fort Worth Stockyards starting in 1902. This, however, limits transportation to only the coldest winter months. By the decade's end, a significantly part of Swift & Co.'s growth involved its increasing export of pork and pork products. It gradually expanded, and in 1960 opened a major meatpacking plant north of Greeley, Colorado. What I'd like to find out is what each building was originally used for, maps of the plant and stories or anecdotes about happenings at the plant. Source: International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 1996 and Beyond: Expansion and Another Ownership Shift. From Maude Reid Scrapbook 5 (MR5-308). Likewise, the giant meat packing plants began to fall one by one. However, part of his plan was to ship live beef to the eastern states via the railroad. Frustrated by this seasonal restriction, Swift tried to get the railroads to build refrigerator cars for transporting meat and dairy products, but the railroads resisted. With headquarters in Greeley, Colorado, and a 265,000 square-foot flagship processing plant in Worthington, Minnesota, Swift & Company is a leading processor of beef, pork, and lamb in both domestic and foreign markets. It approved expansion plans that led to both facility improvements and acquisitions. At the beginning of the new century, Swift & Co. continued to enjoy a reputation for producing high quality products and for its innovations. In the early 1970s the Swift meat-packing plant closed and left the Ogden area, making the Ogden Union Stockyards even less relevant. Soon he started building his own refrigerator cars and secured patents on them, the start of a fleet of cars owned by his company. Lake Charles American Press. 5 votes. June 7, 2019. julieannegrant. Swift and partner James A. Hathaway (a renowned Boston meat dealer) initially relocated the company to Albany, then almost immediately thereafter to Buffalo. In 1943, the company's sales volume reached $1.4 billion. That same year, the Ogdensburg and Lake Champlain Railroad (O&LC) began shipping butter to Boston in purpose-built freight cars, utilizing ice to cool the contents. Meat industry Industrial facilities. By 1921, the Union Stockyards in Chicago employed 40,000 workers and occupied more than a square mile of Chicago's South Side; by 1926, Swift's rail carriers had grown into a fleet of over 5,000 refrigerator cars. Some cattle, because of the primitive condition of railcar braking systems, poor rails and roadbeds, and frequent stops, arrived in poor physical health. Chicago and the birth of the meat-packing industry, General American Transportation Corporation, "Gustavus F. Swift Dead. Three years after his death, the value of the company's capital stock topped $250 million. Swift & Co.'s Packing Plant. Swift established himself as one of the dominant figures of "The Yards", and his distinctive delivery wagons became familiar fixtures on Chicago's streets. Swift's solution to these problems was to devise a method to ship dressed meats from his packing plant in Chicago to the East. He was born in Massachusetts, USA on June 24, 1839. Swift's attempts to sell this design to the major railroads were unanimously rebuffed as the companies feared that they would jeopardize their considerable investments in stock cars and animal pens if refrigerated meat transport gained wide acceptance. 1915-81: Swift & Company Grows into Industry Giant. Swift Armour Meat Packing Plant. Swift & Company photo, cropped [I like the "billboard" refers. As consumers, we often take for granted all the hard work that goes into building a great company. It covered approximately eight square blocks and consisted of several brick and stone buildings, and was located in proximity to the Omaha Stockyards. By 1900, it had also reached beyond national boundaries, opening shops in London, England. By 1944, for example, approaching the end of World War II, the company could boast that 20,300 men and women of the Swift organization were in the military and auxiliary services. 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