mobula ray taxonomy

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When feeding, this ray often pushes its way through turtle grass using its cephalic fins to funnel food towards its mouth. Stingray, any of a number of flat-bodied rays noted for the long, sharp spines on their tails. Mobulidae Gill, 1893 – mantas, mantes, devil rays, mantas. It is also known as the lesser devil ray (English), devil ray (English), small devilfish (English), atlantische duivelsrog (Dutch), diable géant (French), mante diable (French), diablo (Portuguese), jamanta (Portuguese), manta chica (Spanish), manta enana (Spanish), raya (Spanish), and vestatlantisk djaevlerokke (Dan… The outer cephalic fins, lower parts of the disc and the tail of the Atlantic devil ray are a pale yellowish or grayish white, which continues along the ventral surface. It is also found along the northeastern and southeastern United States continental shelf and within the Canary currents. Information on the global distribution of giant manta rays and their population sizes is lacking. Mobula hypostoma (lesser devil ray) Mobula japanica (spinetail devil ray) Mobula kuhlii (shortfin devil ray) Mobula mobular (devil fish) Mobula munkiana (Munk's devil ray) Mobula rochebrunei (lesser Guinean devil ray) Mobula tarapacana (Chilean devil ray) Mobula thurstoni (smoothtail devil ray) Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. It is also known as the lesser devil ray (English), devil ray (English), small devilfish (English), atlantische duivelsrog (Dutch), diable géant (French), mante diable (French), diablo (Portuguese), jamanta (Portuguese), manta chica (Spanish), manta enana (Spanish), raya (Spanish), and vestatlantisk djaevlerokke (Danish). The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. The Atlantic devil ray can be found in the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina south to northern Argentina. DOI : 10.11646/zootaxa.4126.1.9 . Fishes in the Fresh Waters of Florida Gallery, Check the status of the Atlantic devil ray at the IUCN website. However, like all rays, the Atlantic devil ray exhibits aplacental viviparity. However, due to their great size and power (especially in the case of M. mobular or Manta birostris), larger specimens may damage small boats and become dangerous to humans when harpooned or hooked. > Check the status of the Atlantic devil ray at the IUCN website. Species Mobula rochebrunei Lesser Guinean devil ray. A recent revision of the phylogeny and taxonomy of genus Mobula, which included, amongst other things, the decision to consider the circumtropical spinetail devil ray M. japanica ajuniorsynonymofM. Species Mobula japanica Manta. © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. The disc of the Atlantic devil ray is about twice as wide as long, but this ray usually does not exceed 48 in (122 cm) in disc width. The petition requests that we list the giant devil ray ( M. mobular ) as a distinct species with a limited range throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Genus. Mobula Rafinesque, 1810 – devil rays. The Spinetail Devil Ray (J.P. Müller and Henle, 1841) (Mobula mobular; recently reviewed and changed from Mobuja japanica ) is one of the mobulid species caught most frequently in the purse-seine fishery in the eastern Pacific Ocean [8, 9, 13]. They inhabit warm temperate and tropical waters, sometimes in great abundance. The Atlantic devil ray has no defensive spine on its tail. Synonyms: Ceratobatis robertsii (Boulenger, 1897), Cephalopterus hypostomus (Bancroft, 1831). Species Mobula munkiana Pygmy devil ray. 2020. The longhorned pygmy devil ray Mobula eregoodoo (Cantor, 1849), formerly known as Mobula eregoodootenkee (Bleeker, 1859), is a small mobulid with a disc reaching a maximum width of 1.3 m, widely ranging in tropical and subtropical latitudes across the Indian Ocean, the Indo‐Pacific region, and the western Pacific Ocean. Giant devilrays are filter feeders, catching food on their branchial filter plates as they swim. When pursuing prey, devil rays have also been seen to rush up to a sandy strip (such as a beach or sandbar) and then swim off. Sightings are common along the Atlantic coast of Florida and the surrounding areas (particularly in the summer), as well as in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Antilles. It has been suggested that females may mature at 42.1 in (107 cm) in disc width. MantaMatcher is a visual database of manta ray (Mobula birostris / Mobula alfredi) encounters and of individually catalogued manta rays. The name of the Atlantic devil ray comes from the ray’s distinctive “horns” formed by the forward facing cephalic fins. Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841) Common names Astelsaba-merisarvik in Estonian Cawang genul in Javanese Cá Ó dơi Nhật Bản in Vietnamese Devilray in English Diable de mer japonais in French Fāfārua in language. Two genera have been traditionally recognized, Manta and Mobula, but recent DNA analysis shows that Mobula as traditionally recognized is paraphyletic to manta rays, making Manta a junior synonym of Mobula. Although the majority of elasmobranch families have been nailed down there will always be individual species that don't quite fit the characteristics of their sibling species. To cite this page: Due to the uncertainty regarding the Atlantic devil ray’s age, growth and reproductive rates, the species may become threatened in the future if commercial fishing pressures were to increase. Search in featureTaxon InformationContributor GalleriesTopicsClassification. Atlantic devil rays have been described as black from above. disc width) of M. mobular, when compared to some of its congenerics, the giant devil ray is not giant at all. Whether it roams deeper and/or ranges more of the Atlantic Ocean is unknown. This smaller eagle ray looks like its cousins, with its diamond-shaped pectoral disc that is twice as wide as it is long, and its dark gray black top and ivory white underside. The distinguishing physical characteristic of these species, from which they get the name devil ray, is the shape of the cephalic fins which look like horns projecting from their heads when rolled up. Disclaimer: When not feeding, the cephalic fins are tightly curled, giving the “horned” appearance. Synonyms include Mobula olfersii and Cephaloptera olfersii, Müller 1834, Cephaloptera massenoidea, Hill 1862, and Ceratobatis robertsi, Ceratobatic robertsii, and Mobula reobertsi, Boulanger 1897. Rays generally live and feed on planktonic animals at the bottom or close to it – one notable exception is the Oceanic manta ray, which glides through the open ocean feeding on plankton near … First record of the sicklefin devilray Mobula tarapacana (Myliobatiformes: Mobulidae) from Australian waters. We, NMFS, announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list the giant devil ray (Mobula mobular) as an endangered or threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Zootaxa 4126(1): 141–145. Species Mobula thurstoni Manta. Larger fish and marine mammals are potential predators of the Atlantic devil ray. an order within an order? Mobula rays are under threat. Based on genetic and to a lesser degree morphological evidence, the genus was redefined in 2017. The Atlantic devil ray occurs in seas, bays and gulfs, and along the Brazil shelf. But the Atlantic devil ray is smaller, growing to only about 48 inches wide, and its long tail lacks a spine. Mobula Ray Aggregation Expeditions Ninja Uno 2020-09-08T11:05:13-06:00 Experience The Largest Ray Migration on Earth Every year tens of thousands of mobula rays visit the coast lines of the Sea of Cortez in Mexico’s Baja California peninsula. The manta and devilrays of the family Mobulidae constitute some of the most charismatic species of rays. The devil rays get their name from their cephalic fins, which are normally held tightly curled and look like horns, but are sometimes unfurled and used to funnel food like shrimp towards their wide mouths. Gestekelde duivelsrog in Dutch Itomaki-ei in Japanese Japanese devil ray in English Japanese devil ray in English Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. 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